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Poland (52.21593 19.13442)
The royal election of 1764 resulted in the elevation of Stanisław II August (a Polish aristocrat connected to the Czartoryski family faction of magnates) to the monarchy. However, as a one-time personal admirer of Empress Catherine II of Russia, the new king spent much of his reign torn between his desire to implement reforms necessary to save his nation, and his perceived necessity to remain in a political relationship with his Russian sponsor. This led to the formation of the 1768 Bar Confederation, a szlachta rebellion directed against the Polish king and his Russian sponsors, which aimed to preserve Poland's independence and the szlachta's traditional privileges. Attempts at reform provoked the union's neighbours, and in 1772 the First Partition of the Commonwealth by Prussia, Russia and Austria took place; an act which the "Partition Sejm", under considerable duress, eventually "ratified" fait accompli. Disregarding this loss, in 1773 the king established the Commission of National Education, the first government education authority in Europe. Corporal punishment of children was officially prohibited in 1783.
Stare Osieczno, gmina Dobiegniew, powiat strzelecko-drezdenecki, Lubusz Voivodeship, 66-522, Poland (53.00576 15.95246)
Coordinates: 52.98576 15.93246 53.02576 15.97246 - Minimum elevation: 127 ft - Maximum elevation: 292 ft - Average elevation: 220 ft
Modła-Kolonia, gmina Stare Miasto, powiat koniński, Greater Poland Voivodeship, 62-571, Poland (52.16376 18.21226)
Coordinates: 52.14376 18.19226 52.18376 18.23226 - Minimum elevation: 275 ft - Maximum elevation: 384 ft - Average elevation: 322 ft
Henryków Lubański, gmina Lubań, powiat lubański, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland (51.16753 15.25319)
Coordinates: 51.15512 15.20686 51.19527 15.29224 - Minimum elevation: 744 ft - Maximum elevation: 1,090 ft - Average elevation: 873 ft